The Earth system model documented in this study, ESM4.1, marks the culmination of GFDL’s 4th generation model development effort that included comprehensive revisions of atmospheric dynamics, physics and chemistry, ocean physics, biogeochemistry and ecosystems, sea ice, and land physics, biogeochemistry and ecosystems. These efforts were merged into NOAA’s first coupled carbon-chemistry-climate model with state-of-the-art representation of each, along with comprehensive interactions between components. AOS faculty and researchers are among the study's co-authors.
J. P. Dunne, L. W. Horowitz, A. J. Adcroft, P. Ginoux, I. M. Held, J. G. John, J. P. Krasting, S. Malyshev, V. Naik, F. Paulot, E. Shevliakova, C. A. Stock, N. Zadeh, C. Blanton, V. Balaji, J. Durachta, K. A. Dunne, C. Dupuis, P. P. G. Gauthier, S. M. Griffies, H. Guo, R. W. Hallberg, M. Harrison, J. He, W. Hurlin, R. Menzel, P. C. D. Milly, C. McHugh, S. Nikonov, D. J. Paynter, J. Ploshay, A. Radhakrishnan, K. Rand, T. Robinson, D. M. Schwarzkopf, C. J. Seman, L. Silvers, S. Underwood, H. Vahlenkamp, M. Winton, B. Wyman, Y. Zeng, and M. Zhao. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. DOI: 10.1029/2019MS002015